Filtering items of mass distraction:top-down biases directed against distracting information are necessary for the feature-based carry-over to occur

Braithwaite, Jason J and Humphreys, Glyn (2007) Filtering items of mass distraction:top-down biases directed against distracting information are necessary for the feature-based carry-over to occur. Vision Research, 47 (12). pp. 1570-1583. ISSN 0042-6989

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Abstract

In preview search a new target is difficult to detect if it carries a feature shared with the old distractors [Braithwaite, J. J., Humphreys, G. W., & Hodsoll, J. (2003). Color grouping in space and time: Evidence from negative color-based carry-over effects in preview search. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 29(4), 758–778.] Two experiments are presented which examined whether this negative color carry-over effect is dependent on an attentional-set to ignore old, irrelevant distractors. Consistent with this, the data show that the negative carry-over effect is greatly reduced if the attentional-set to ignore the old preview items is removed and replaced by a set to prioritize the old items instead. The findings demonstrate that preview search, and the carry-over effect, are at least partly determined by a top-down intentional bias against old, irrelevant information.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Vision Research
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800/2809
Subjects:
ID Code:
81736
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
23 Sep 2016 08:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Jan 2020 09:57