When the test developer does not speak the target language:the use of language informants in the test development process

Ryan, Eve and Brunfaut, Tineke (2016) When the test developer does not speak the target language:the use of language informants in the test development process. Language Assessment Quarterly, 13 (4). pp. 393-408. ISSN 1543-4303

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Abstract

It is not unusual for tests in less-commonly taught languages (LCTLs) to be developed by an experienced item writer with no proficiency in the language being tested, in collaboration with a language informant who is a speaker of the target language but lacks language assessment expertise. How this approach to item writing works in practice, and what factors play a role in it, is largely unrecorded, as are item writing processes and practices in language assessment in general. Through a case study approach, this study sought to gain insights into test development practices in cases when essential item writer traits are spread across different people. Seven in-depth interviews with language assessment specialists and language informants involved in LCTL reading test development revealed a number of specific characteristics, and also challenges, to test developer recruitment and test development in this context. Findings indicate that this inherently collaborative approach brings with it a sophisticated system of “checks and balances” which may benefit item writing in some respects.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Language Assessment Quarterly
Additional Information:
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Language Assessment Quarterly on 31/10/2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15434303.2016.1236110
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1200/1203
Subjects:
ID Code:
81530
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
12 Sep 2016 12:14
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
10 Apr 2020 03:13