No scientific consensus on GMO safety

Hilbeck, Angelika and Binimelis, Rosa and Defarge, Nicolas and Steinbrecher, Ricarda and Székács, András and Wickson, Fern and Antoniou, Michael and Bereano, Philip L. and Clark, Ethel Ann and Hansen, Michael and Novotny, Eva and Heinemann, Jack and Meyer, Hartmut and Shiva, Vandana and Wynne, Brian Edward (2015) No scientific consensus on GMO safety. Environmental Sciences Europe, 27. ISSN 2195-4194

Full text not available from this repository.


A broad community of independent scientific researchers and scholars challenges recent claims of a consensus over the safety of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). In the following joint statement, the claimed consensus is shown to be an artificial construct that has been falsely perpetuated through diverse fora. Irrespective of contradictory evidence in the refereed literature, as documented below, the claim that there is now a consensus on the safety of GMOs continues to be widely and often uncritically aired. For decades, the safety of GMOs has been a hotly controversial topic that has been much debated around the world. Published results are contradictory, in part due to the range of different research methods employed, an inadequacy of available procedures, and differences in the analysis and interpretation of data. Such a lack of consensus on safety is also evidenced by the agreement of policymakers from over 160 countries - in the UN’s Cartagena Biosafety Protocol and the Guidelines of the Codex Alimentarius - to authorize careful case-by-case assessment of each GMO by national authorities to determine whether the particular construct satisfies the national criteria for ‘safe’. Rigorous assessment of GMO safety has been hampered by the lack of funding independent of proprietary interests. Research for the public good has been further constrained by property rights issues, and by denial of access to research material for researchers unwilling to sign contractual agreements with the developers, which confer unacceptable control over publication to the proprietary interests. The joint statement developed and signed by over 300 independent researchers, and reproduced and published below, does not assert that GMOs are unsafe or safe. Rather, the statement concludes that the scarcity and contradictory nature of the scientific evidence published to date prevents conclusive claims of safety, or of lack of safety, of GMOs. Claims of consensus on the safety of GMOs are not supported by an objective analysis of the refereed literature.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Environmental Sciences Europe
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
19 Aug 2016 10:32
Last Modified:
19 Sep 2023 01:37