Petrology of parasitic and eccentric cones on the flanks and base of Somma-Vesuvius

MacDonald, Raymond and Bagiński, Bogusław and Rolandi, Guiseppe and De Vivo, Benedetto and Kopczyńska, Anna (2016) Petrology of parasitic and eccentric cones on the flanks and base of Somma-Vesuvius. Mineralogy and Petrology, 110 (1). pp. 65-85. ISSN 0930-0708

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Parasitic and eccentric cones on the flanks and at the base of Somma-Vesuvius potentially provide information on the plumbing system of the complex. We present geochemical data for minerals, glasses and rocks from the Pollena and Cercola cones. The rocks are phonotephrites and a basaltic trachyandesite. A volumetrically dominant type contains phenocrysts of olivine, clinopyroxene, leucite, plagioclase ± apatite ± Fe-Ti-oxides. A second type is phlogopite-phyric. Low magnesium-numbers (62–49) and Ni abundances (≤32 ppm) indicate that the primary magmas underwent crustal-level fractionation but the cores of olivine and clinopyroxene phenocrysts carry records of the parental magmas. Geochemical data indicate that the rocks form more than one magmatic lineage. Matrix glasses point to low-pressure fractionation trends towards decreasing melt silica-undersaturation. The phlogopite-phyric rocks were derived from more hydrous magmas than those lacking phlogopite phenocrysts, perhaps at higher pressures. Phenocryst assemblages are difficult to reconcile with published experimental work and it is likely that they are far from equilibrium assemblages. The cone magmas were probably derived from high levels within the main plumbing system via lateral transport.

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Journal Article
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Mineralogy and Petrology
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18 Aug 2016 07:48
Last Modified:
22 Sep 2023 00:29