Effect of reconstruction methods and x-ray tube current–time product on nodule detection in an anthropomorphic thorax phantom:a crossed-modality JAFROC observer study

Thompson, J. D. and Chakraborty, D. P. and Szczepura, K. and Tootell, A. K. and Vamvakas, I. and Manning, David and Hogg, P. (2016) Effect of reconstruction methods and x-ray tube current–time product on nodule detection in an anthropomorphic thorax phantom:a crossed-modality JAFROC observer study. Medical Physics, 43 (3). pp. 1265-1274. ISSN 0094-2405

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate nodule detection in an anthropomorphic chest phantom in computed tomography(CT)imagesreconstructed with adaptive iterative dose reduction 3D (AIDR3D) and filtered back projection (FBP) over a range of tube current–time product (mAs). Methods: Two phantoms were used in this study: (i) an anthropomorphic chest phantom was loaded with spherical simulated nodules of 5, 8, 10, and 12 mm in diameter and +100, −630, and −800 Hounsfield units electron density; this would generate CTimages for the observer study; (ii) a whole-body dosimetry verification phantom was used to ultimately estimate effective dose and risk according to the model of the BEIR VII committee. Both phantoms were scanned over a mAs range (10, 20, 30, and 40), while all other acquisition parameters remained constant. Images were reconstructed with both AIDR3D and FBP. For the observer study, 34 normal cases (no nodules) and 34 abnormal cases (containing 1–3 nodules, mean 1.35 ± 0.54) were chosen. Eleven observers evaluated images from all mAs and reconstruction methods under the free-response paradigm. A crossed-modality jackknife alternative free-response operating characteristic (JAFROC) analysis method was developed for data analysis, averaging data over the two factors influencing nodule detection in this study: mAs and image reconstruction (AIDR3D or FBP). A Bonferroni correction was applied and the threshold for declaring significance was set at 0.025 to maintain the overall probability of Type I error at α = 0.05. Contrast-to-noise (CNR) was also measured for all nodules and evaluated by a linear least squares analysis. Results: For random-reader fixed-case crossed-modality JAFROC analysis, there was no significant difference in nodule detection between AIDR3D and FBP when data were averaged over mAs [F(1, 10) = 0.08, p = 0.789]. However, when data were averaged over reconstruction methods, a significant difference was seen between multiple pairs of mAs settings [F(3, 30) = 15.96, p < 0.001]. Measurements of effective dose and effective risk showed the expected linear dependence on mAs. Nodule CNR was statistically higher for simulated nodules on imagesreconstructed with AIDR3D (p < 0.001). Conclusions: No significant difference in nodule detection performance was demonstrated between imagesreconstructed with FBP and AIDR3D. mAs was found to influence nodule detection, though further work is required for dose optimization.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Medical Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1304
Subjects:
ID Code:
80997
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
17 Aug 2016 12:18
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
20 Oct 2020 04:23