Is Heliothis viriplaca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) a long-distance migrant?

Zhao, X.-Y. and Fu, X.-W. and Ali, A. and Wilson, Kenneth and Wu, Kongming (2016) Is Heliothis viriplaca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) a long-distance migrant? Bulletin of Entomological Research, 106 (6). pp. 740-748. ISSN 0007-4853

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Abstract

Heliothis viriplaca (Hüfnagel) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is an important polyphagous pest of beans, cotton, maize, and alfalfa worldwide. H. viriplaca is a long-distance migrant, and if so, what pattern of seasonal migration this species exhibits in northern China remains unknown. In this study, in order to determine the seasonal migration of H. viriplaca in northern China, the combination of searchlight trapping and ovarian dissection was carried out on an isolated small island in the center of the Bohai Strait during 2003–2014. The results confirmed that H. viriplaca undertakes long-distance migration on the prevailing winds of the East Asian monsoon airflows. This species exhibited a regular pattern of seasonal migration across the sea from May to October, but there was considerable yearly and monthly variation in the trapped numbers, with the majority being trapped in summer (67.99 ± 6.54%). The mean period when migration was detectable at the island was 116.5 ± 5.6 days from 2003 to 2014, with the shortest time span of 74 days in 2013 and the longest of 144 days in 2005. Trapped females in May and June showed a relatively higher mating rates and some degree of ovarian development when compared with July, August and September, suggesting the migration of this species is not completely bound by the ‘oogenesis-flight syndrome’. These findings will be helpful to improve the forecasting system and managing strategies of H. viriplaca.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Bulletin of Entomological Research
Additional Information:
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research/article/is-heliothis-viriplaca-lepidoptera-noctuidae-a-long-distance-migrant/6375E455913AB46EDFA7B6EFD9E85CAB The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Bulletrin of Entomological Research, 106 (6), pp 740-748 2016, © 2016 Cambridge University Press.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1102
Subjects:
ID Code:
80800
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
31 Oct 2016 14:46
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
24 Oct 2020 04:19