The relationship between person-organization fit and job satisfaction

Chen, Pei-Chun and Sparrow, Paul Ronald and Cooper, Cary Lynn (2016) The relationship between person-organization fit and job satisfaction. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 31 (5). pp. 946-959. ISSN 0268-3946

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Purpose – Drawing upon the theory of conservation of resources to argue the importance of job stress as an important variable that mediates the person-organization (P-O) fit-job satisfaction relationship, and supervisor support as an important moderating variable that moderates the relationship between P-O fit and job stress, the purpose of this paper is to test a moderated mediation model. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected from 225 employees in 12 catering service organizations in Beijing. An integrated mediation and moderation model was evaluated. Findings – The study illustrates both some new mechanisms and the boundary conditions between P-O fit and job satisfaction. Job stress mediates the relationships between P-O fit and job satisfaction; supervisor support moderates the linkage of P-O fit, job stress, and job satisfaction. The corresponding moderated mediation model was supported. Research limitations/implications – The question of causality cannot be determined because of the cross-sectional research design; self-report is a necessary strategy for the assessment of subjects’ appraisals. However, it requires some caution in interpreting the results. Practical implications – The findings offer a better understanding of the way P-O fit is able to affect job satisfaction. Actions designed to promote P-O fit may be useful in reducing employees’ stress and result in higher job satisfaction. To enhance the relationships between P-O fit and employees’ job satisfaction through supervisor support, supervisors should develop a positive form of reciprocation by helping employees to solve the real problem they are facing. Originality/value – No previous studies have investigated influencing factors of employees’ satisfaction from the perspective of individual and organizational interfaces.

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Journal Article
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Journal of Managerial Psychology
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This article is (c) Emerald Group Publishing and permission has been granted for this version to appear here. Emerald does not grant permission for this article to be further copied/distributed or hosted elsewhere without the express permission from Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
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25 Aug 2016 10:36
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 03:34