Comparative assessment of the harmonic balance Navier Stokes technology for horizontal and vertical axis wind turbine aerodynamics

Campobasso, Michele Sergio and Drofelnik, Jernej and Gigante, Fabio (2016) Comparative assessment of the harmonic balance Navier Stokes technology for horizontal and vertical axis wind turbine aerodynamics. Computers and Fluids, 136. pp. 354-370. ISSN 0045-7930

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Several important wind turbine unsteady flow regimes, such as those associated with the yawed wind condition of horizontal axis machines, and most operating conditions of all vertical axis machines, are predominantly periodic. The harmonic balance Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes technology for the rapid calculation of nonlinear periodic flow fields has been successfully used to greatly reduce runtimes of turbomachinery periodic flow analyses in the past fifteen years. This paper presents an objective comparative study of the performance and solution accuracy of this technology for aerodynamic analysis and design applications of horizontal and vertical axis wind turbines. The considered use cases are the periodic flow past the blade section of a utility-scale horizontal axis wind turbine rotor in yawed wind, and the periodic flow of a H-Darrieus rotor section working at a tip-speed ratio close to that of maximum power. The aforementioned comparative assessment is based on thorough parametric time-domain and harmonic balance analyses of both use cases. The paper also reports the main mathematical and numerical features of a new turbulent harmonic balance Navier-Stokes solver using Menter’s shear stress transport model for the turbulence closure. Presented results indicate that a) typical multi-megawatt horizontal axis wind turbine periodic flows can be computed by the harmonic balance solver about ten times more rapidly than by the conventional time-domain analysis, achieving the same temporal accuracy of the latter method, and b) the harmonic balance acceleration for Darrieus rotor unsteady flow analysis is lower than for horizontal axis machines, and the harmonic balance solutions feature undesired oscillations caused by the wide harmonic content and the high-level of stall predisposition of this flow field type.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Computers and Fluids
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Computers and Fluids. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Computers and Fluids,136, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2016.06.023
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? horizontal and vertical axis wind turbine periodic aerodynamicsdynamic stallharmonic balance navier-stokes equationsshear stress transport turbulence modelfully coupled multigrid integrationpoint-implicit runge-kutta smootherengineering(all)energy(all)com ??
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27 Jun 2016 13:44
Last Modified:
17 Dec 2023 01:32