Culture conditions affect the chemical composition of the exopolysaccharide synthesized by the fungus Aureobasidium pullulans

Orr, D. and Zheng, W. and Campbell, B. S. and McDougall, B. M. and Seviour, R. J. (2009) Culture conditions affect the chemical composition of the exopolysaccharide synthesized by the fungus Aureobasidium pullulans. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 107 (2). pp. 691-698. ISSN 1364-5072

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Abstract

Aims: To identify if culture conditions affect the chemical composition of exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced by Aureobasidium pullulans. Methods and Results: In batch airlift and continuously stirred tank (CSTR) reactors the EPS produced with low (0.13 g l)1 N) initial NaNO3 or (NH4)2SO4 levels contained pullulan, with maltotriose as its major component, similar to that synthesized in the airlift reactor with high (0.78 g l)1 N) initial NaNO3 levels. EPS produced by CSTR grown cultures with high (NH4)2SO4 levels contained little pullulan, possibly because of a population shift from unicells to mycelium. This chemical difference may explain why total EPS yields did not fall as they did with cultures grown under identical conditions with high NaNO3 levels, where the pullulan component of the EPS disappeared. EPS synthesized in N-limiting chemostat cultures of A. pullulans changed little with growth rate or N source, being predominantly pullulan consisting of maltotriose units. Conclusions: While the EPS chemical composition changed little under N-limiting conditions, high initial medium N levels determined maltotriose content and / or pullulan content possibly by dictating culture morphology. Significance and Impact of the Study: These results emphasize the requirement of all studies to determine EPS chemical composition when examining the influence of culture conditions on EPS yields.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1305
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 80180
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 24 Jun 2016 09:10
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2020 08:47
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/80180

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