CYP2A6 reduced activity gene variants confer reduction in lung cancer risk in African American smokers:findings from two independent populations

Wassenaar, Catherine A. and Ye, Yuanqing and Cai, Qiuyin and Aldrich, Melinda C. and Knight, Joanne and Spitz, Margaret R. and Wu, Xifeng and Blot, William J. and Tyndale, Rachel F. (2015) CYP2A6 reduced activity gene variants confer reduction in lung cancer risk in African American smokers:findings from two independent populations. Carcinogenesis, 36 (1). pp. 99-103. ISSN 0143-3334

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Abstract

We investigated genetic variation in CYP2A6 in relation to lung cancer risk among African American smokers, a high-risk population. Previously, we found that CYP2A6, a nicotine/nitrosamine metabolism gene, was associated with lung cancer risk in European Americans, but smoking habits, lung cancer risk and CYP2A6 gene variants differ significantly between European and African ancestry populations. Herein, African American ever-smokers, drawn from two independent lung cancer case-control studies, were genotyped for reduced activity CYP2A6 alleles and grouped by predicted metabolic activity. Lung cancer risk in the Southern Community Cohort Study (n = 494) was lower among CYP2A6 reduced versus normal metabolizers, as estimated by multivariate conditional logistic regression [odds ratio (OR) = 0.44; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.26-0.73] and by unconditional logistic regression (OR = 0.62; 95% CI = 0.41-0.94). The association was replicated in an independent study from MD Anderson Cancer Center (n = 407) (OR = 0.64; 95% CI = 0.42-0.98), and pooling the studies yielded an OR of 0.64 (95% CI = 0.48-0.86). Exploratory analyses revealed a significant interaction between CYP2A6 genotype and sex on the risk for lung cancer (Southern Community Cohort Study: P = 0.04; MD Anderson: P = 0.03; Pooled studies: P = 0.002) with a CYP2A6 effect in men only. These findings support a contribution of genetic variation in CYP2A6 to lung cancer risk among African American smokers, particularly men, whereby CYP2A6 genotypes associated with reduced metabolic activity confer a lower risk of developing lung cancer.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Carcinogenesis
Additional Information:
© The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1306
Subjects:
ID Code:
79947
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
07 Jun 2016 10:40
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
16 Sep 2020 03:06