Differential methylation of the X-chromosome is a possible source of discordance for bipolar disorder female monozygotic twins

Rosa, Araceli and Picchioni, Marco M. and Kalidindi, Sridevi and Loat, Caroline S. and Knight, Joanne and Toulopoulou, Timothea and Vonk, Ronald and van der Schot, Astrid C. and Nolen, Willem and Kahn, René S. and McGuffin, Peter and Murray, Robin M. and Craig, Ian W. (2008) Differential methylation of the X-chromosome is a possible source of discordance for bipolar disorder female monozygotic twins. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 147B (4). pp. 459-462. ISSN 1552-4841

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Abstract

Monozygotic (MZ) twins may be subject to epigenetic modifications that could result in different patterns of gene expression. Several lines of evidence suggest that epigenetic factors may underlie mental disorders such as bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SZ). One important epigenetic modification, of relevance to female MZ twins, is X-chromosome inactivation. Some MZ female twin pairs are discordant for monogenic X linked disorders because of differential X inactivation. We postulated that similar mechanisms may also occur in disorders with more complex inheritance including BD and SZ. Examination of X-chromosome inactivation patterns in DNA samples from blood and/or buccal swabs in a series of 63 female MZ twin pairs concordant or discordant for BD or SZ and healthy MZ controls suggests a potential contribution from X-linked loci to discordance within twin pairs for BD but is inconclusive for SZ. Discordant female bipolar twins showed greater differences in the methylation of the maternal and paternal X alleles than concordant twin pairs and suggest that differential skewing of X-chromosome inactivation may contribute to the discordance observed for bipolar disorder in female MZ twin pairs and the potential involvement of X-linked loci in the disorder.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Additional Information:
(c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2738
Subjects:
ID Code:
79938
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
07 Jun 2016 12:42
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
25 Feb 2020 07:36