CLUMPHAP : a simple tool for performing haplotype-based association analysis

Knight, Jo and Curtis, David and Sham, Pak C. (2008) CLUMPHAP : a simple tool for performing haplotype-based association analysis. Genetic Epidemiology, 32 (6). pp. 539-545. ISSN 0741-0395

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The completion of the HapMap Project and the development of high-throughput single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping technologies have greatly enhanced the prospects of identifying and characterizing the genetic variants that influence complex traits. In principle, association analysis of haplotypes rather than single nucleotide polymorphisms may better capture an underlying causal variant, but the multiple haplotypes can lead to reduced statistical power due to the testing of (and need to correct for) a large number of haplotypes. This paper presents a novel method based on clustering similar haplotypes to address this issue. The method, implemented in the CLUMPHAP program, is an extension of the CLUMP program designed for the analysis of multi-allelic markers (Sham and Curtis [1995] Ann. Hum. Genet. 59(Pt1):97-105). CLUMPHAP performs a hierarchical clustering of the haplotypes and then computes the chi(2) statistic between each haplotype cluster and disease; the statistical significance of the largest of the chi(2) statistics is obtained by permutation testing. A significant result suggests that the presence of a disease-causing variant in the haplotype cluster is over-represented in cases. Using simulation studies, we have compared CLUMPHAP and more widely used approaches in terms of their statistical power to identify an untyped susceptibility locus. Our results show that CLUMPHAP tends to have greater power than the omnibus haplotype test and is comparable in power to multiple regression locus-coding approaches.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Genetic Epidemiology
Additional Information:
(c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? cluster analysiscomputer simulationgene frequencygenetic markersgenetic predisposition to diseasehaplotypeshumanslogistic modelsmodels, geneticmodels, statisticalpolymorphism, single nucleotidesoftwaregenetics(clinical)epidemiology ??
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Deposited On:
07 Jun 2016 15:42
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 16:06