A genome-wide association study of suicide severity scores in bipolar disorder

Zai, Clement C. and Gonçalves, Vanessa F. and Tiwari, Arun K. and Gagliano, Sarah A. and Hosang, Georgina and de Luca, Vincenzo and Shaikh, Sajid A. and King, Nicole and Chen, Qian and Xu, Wei and Strauss, John and Breen, Gerome and Lewis, Cathryn M. and Farmer, Anne E. and McGuffin, Peter and Knight, Jo and Vincent, John B. and Kennedy, James L. (2015) A genome-wide association study of suicide severity scores in bipolar disorder. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 65. pp. 23-29. ISSN 0022-3956

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BACKGROUND: Suicide claims one million lives worldwide annually, making it a serious public health concern. The risk for suicidal behaviour can be partly explained by genetic factors, as suggested by twin and family studies (reviewed in (Zai et al. 2012)). Recently, genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of suicide attempt on large samples of bipolar disorder (BD) patients from multiple sites have identified a number of novel candidate genes. GWASs of suicide behaviour severity, from suicidal ideation to serious suicide attempt, have not been reported for BD. METHODS: We conducted a GWAS of suicide behaviour severity in three independent BD samples:212 small nuclear families with BD probands from Toronto, Canada, 428 BD cases from Toronto, and 483 BD cases from the UK. We carried out imputation with 1000 Genome Project data as reference using IMPUTE2. Quality control and data analysis was conducted using PLINK and R. We conducted the quantitative analyses of suicide behaviour severity in the three samples separately, and derived an overall significance by a meta-analysis using the METAL software. RESULTS: We did not find genome-wide significant association of any tested markers in any of the BD samples, but we found a number of suggestive associations, including regions on chromosomes 8 and 10 (p < 1e-5). CONCLUSIONS: Our GWAS findings suggest that likely many gene variants of small effects contribute collectively to the risk for suicidal behaviour severity in BD. Larger independent replications are required to strengthen the findings from the GWAS presented here.

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Journal Article
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Journal of Psychiatric Research
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Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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08 Jun 2016 08:40
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16 Sep 2023 01:21