Smoking gun or circumstantial evidence?:comparison of statistical learning methods using functional annotations for prioritizing risk variants

Gagliano, Sarah A. and Ravji, Reena and Barnes, Michael R. and Weale, Michael E. and Knight, Jo (2015) Smoking gun or circumstantial evidence?:comparison of statistical learning methods using functional annotations for prioritizing risk variants. Scientific Reports, 5. ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

Although technology has triumphed in facilitating routine genome sequencing, new challenges have been created for the data-analyst. Genome-scale surveys of human variation generate volumes of data that far exceed capabilities for laboratory characterization. By incorporating functional annotations as predictors, statistical learning has been widely investigated for prioritizing genetic variants likely to be associated with complex disease. We compared three published prioritization procedures, which use different statistical learning algorithms and different predictors with regard to the quantity, type and coding. We also explored different combinations of algorithm and annotation set. As an application, we tested which methodology performed best for prioritizing variants using data from a large schizophrenia meta-analysis by the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium. Results suggest that all methods have considerable (and similar) predictive accuracies (AUCs 0.64-0.71) in test set data, but there is more variability in the application to the schizophrenia GWAS. In conclusion, a variety of algorithms and annotations seem to have a similar potential to effectively enrich true risk variants in genome-scale datasets, however none offer more than incremental improvement in prediction. We discuss how methods might be evolved for risk variant prediction to address the impending bottleneck of the new generation of genome re-sequencing studies.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Scientific Reports
Additional Information:
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Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1000
Subjects:
ID Code:
79881
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
08 Jun 2016 08:58
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
29 Mar 2020 04:39