Photosynthetic and antioxidant responses to drought during sugarcane ripening

Sales, Cristina R. G. and Marchiori, Paulo Eduardo Ribeiro and Machado, Ricardo Silverio and Fontenele, Adilton Vasconcelos and Machado, Eduardo Caruso and Silveira, Joaquim Albenisio Gomes and Ribeiro, Rafael Vasconcelos (2015) Photosynthetic and antioxidant responses to drought during sugarcane ripening. Photosynthetica, 53 (4). pp. 547-554. ISSN 0300-3604

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Water deficit is an important exogenous factor that enhances the influx of sucrose into sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) stem internodes during ripening, when photosynthetic ability in supplying sinks is essential. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that drought tolerance in sugarcane is associated with an effective antioxidant protection during the ripening phase that might maintain a favorable redox balance in chloroplasts and protect photosynthesis under drought conditions. Two commercial sugarcane varieties, IACSP94-2094 (tolerant) and IACSP96-2042 (sensitive), with contrasting behavior under water deficit, were subjected to water withholding during the ripening stage. Our results revealed that the tolerant variety was less affected by water deficit, maintaining photosynthesis for a longer period and showing a faster recovery after rehydration as compared to the sensitive one. As consequence, the tolerant variety faced lesser excess of light energy at PSII. The maintenance of photosynthesis under water deficit and its fast recovery after rehydration resulted in the lower leaf H2O2 concentration and favorable redox status in the drought-tolerant genotype, which was associated with stimulation of superoxide dismutase during ripening. Our results also revealed that ferric superoxide dismutase isoforms were strongly enhanced under drought conditions, playing an important role in chloroplast redox homeostasis.

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31 May 2016 12:46
Last Modified:
15 Sep 2023 00:26