Roots are important sources of carbohydrates during flowering and fruiting in ‘Valencia’ sweet orange trees with varying fruit load

Dovis, Veronica Lorena and Machado, Eduardo Caruso and Ribeiro, Rafael Vasconcelos and Magalhaes Filho, Jose Rodrigues and Marchiori, Paulo Eduardo Ribeiro and Sales, Cristina R. G. (2014) Roots are important sources of carbohydrates during flowering and fruiting in ‘Valencia’ sweet orange trees with varying fruit load. Scientia Horticulturae, 174. pp. 87-95. ISSN 0304-4238

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Abstract

The influence of fruit loading on flowering and fruiting, CO2 assimilation, and non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) in citrus trees was evaluated in four-year-old ‘Valencia’ sweet orange grafted onto ‘Rangpur’ lime. One group of trees was completely de-fruited (DFT) on May 14 (autumn), whereas fruit were left on the remaining trees (FT). The seasonal variation in photosynthesis and stomatal conductance was unaffected by fruit loading, with the minimum diurnal-integrated CO2 assimilation (PNI) occurring in July (98.3 mmol m−2 day−1) and the maximum PNI occurring in November (199.5 mmol m−2 day−1). Fruit loading inhibited sprouting and flowering in the citrus trees, but this effect was not correlated with NSC in the leaves, branches, or roots. The DFT trees exhibited nearly four times as many reproductive structures as the FT trees, with a high remobilization of reserves. Our data showed that flowers are stronger sinks than fruit and that flowering is the most expensive phenological stage. In the DFT trees, approximately 80% of NSC were consumed prior to the end of fruit drop, primarily until flowering. NSC reserves from leaves, branches, and roots were remobilized. Between the stages of de-fruiting and the end of physiological fruit drop, the plants remobilized approximately 312 g NSC, with the roots contributing more than 230 g NSC per plant.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Scientia Horticulturae
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1108
Subjects:
ID Code:
79785
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
31 May 2016 12:58
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
06 May 2020 04:20