Second-harmonic generation and the influence of flexoelectricity in the nematic phases of bent-core oxadiazoles

Addis, J. and Kaur, S. and Binks, D. J. and Dickinson, M. R. and Greco, C. and Ferrarini, A. and Gortz, Verena Beatrice and Goodby, John W. and Gleeson, Helen F. (2016) Second-harmonic generation and the influence of flexoelectricity in the nematic phases of bent-core oxadiazoles. Liquid Crystals, 43 (10). pp. 1315-1332. ISSN 0267-8292

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Abstract

Second-harmonic generation (SHG) in the nematic phase of bent-core oxadiazole-based liquid crystals (LCs) was studied and compared to that for the rod-like compound 4-cyano-4ʹ-n-octylbiphenyl (8CB). Weak, isotropically scattered second-harmonic (SH) light was observed for all materials, consistent with SHG by nematic director fluctuations. The SH intensity produced by the bent-core materials was found to be up to ~ 3.4 times that of 8CB. We discuss this result in terms of the dependence of SH intensity on temperature, elastic constants and flexoelectric coefficients. We have calculated the latter by using a molecular field approach with atomistic modelling, thus demonstrating how molecular parameters contribute to the flexoelectric coefficients and illustrating the potential of this method for predicting the flexoelectric behaviour of bent-core LCs. We show that the increased SH signal in the bent-core compounds is partly due to their nematic phases being at a much higher temperature, and also potentially due to them having greater flexoelectric coefficients, up to ~1.5 times those of 8CB. These estimates are consistent with reports of increased flexoelectric coefficients in bent-core compounds in comparison to rod-like compounds.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Liquid Crystals
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100/3104
Subjects:
ID Code:
79430
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
10 Jun 2016 15:56
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
07 Jan 2020 04:52