Daily irrigation attenuates xylem abscisic acid concentration and increases leaf water potential of Pelargonium×hortorum compared with infrequent irrigation

Boyle, Richard and McAinsh, Martin Robert and Dodd, Ian Charles (2016) Daily irrigation attenuates xylem abscisic acid concentration and increases leaf water potential of Pelargonium×hortorum compared with infrequent irrigation. Physiologia Plantarum, 158 (1). pp. 23-33. ISSN 0031-9317

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Abstract

The physiological response of plants to different irrigation frequencies may affect plant growth and water use efficiency (WUE; defined as shoot biomass/cumulative irrigation). Glasshouse-grown, containerized Pelargonium × hortorum BullsEye plants were irrigated either daily at 100% of plant evapotranspiration (ET) (well-watered; WW), or at 50% ET applied either daily [frequent deficit irrigation (FDI)] or cumulatively every 4 days [infrequent deficit irrigation (IDI)], for 24 days. Both FDI and IDI applied the same irrigation volume. Xylem sap was collected from the leaves, and stomatal conductance (gs) and leaf water potential (Ψleaf) measured every 2 days. As soil moisture decreased, gs decreased similarly under both FDI and IDI throughout the experiment. Ψleaf was maintained under IDI and increased under FDI. Leaf xylem abscisic acid (ABA) concentrations ([X-ABA]leaf) increased as soil moisture decreased under both IDI and FDI, and was strongly correlated with decreased gs, but [X-ABA]leaf was attenuated under FDI throughout the experiment (at the same level of soil moisture as IDI plants). These physiological changes corresponded with differences in plant production. Both FDI and IDI decreased growth compared with WW plants, and by the end of the experiment, FDI plants also had a greater shoot fresh weight (18%) than IDI plants. Although both IDI and FDI had higher WUE than WW plants during the first 10 days of the experiment (when biomass did not differ between treatments), the deficit irrigation treatments had lower WUE than WW plants in the latter stages when growth was limited. Thus, ABA-induced stomatal closure may not always translate to increased WUE (at the whole plant level) if vegetative growth shows a similar sensitivity to soil drying, and growers must adapt their irrigation scheduling according to crop requirements.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physiologia Plantarum
Additional Information:
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Boyle, R. K.A., McAinsh, M. and Dodd, I. C. (2016), Daily irrigation attenuates xylem abscisic acid concentration and increases leaf water potential of Pelargonium × hortorum compared with infrequent irrigation. Physiol Plantarum, 158: 23–33. doi:10.1111/ppl.12433 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ppl.12433/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1314
Subjects:
ID Code:
79262
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
28 Apr 2016 12:16
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
25 Nov 2020 03:44