On magnitudes in memory : an internal clock account of space–time interaction

Cai, Zhenguang G. and Connell, Louise (2016) On magnitudes in memory : an internal clock account of space–time interaction. Acta Psychologica, 168. pp. 1-11. ISSN 0001-6918

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Traditionally, research on time perception has diverged into a representational approach that focuses on the interaction between time and non-temporal magnitude information like spatial distance, and a mechanistic approach that emphasizes the workings and timecourse of components within an internal clock. We combined these approaches in order to identify the locus of space–time interaction effects in the mechanistic framework of the internal clock model. In three experiments, we contrasted the effects of spatial distance (a long- vs. short-distance line) on time perception with those of visual flicker (a flickering vs. static stimulus) in a duration reproduction paradigm. We found that both a flickering stimulus and a long-distance line lengthened reproduced time when presented during time encoding. However, when presented during time reproduction, a flickering stimulus shortened reproduced time but a long-distance line had no effect. The results thus show that, while visual flickers affects duration accumulation itself, spatial distance instead biases the memory of the accumulated duration. These findings are consistent with a clock-magnitude account of space–time interaction whereby both temporal duration and spatial distance are represented as mental magnitudes that can interfere with each other while being kept in memory, and places the locus of interaction between temporal and non-temporal magnitude dimensions at the memory maintenance stage of the internal clock model.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Acta Psychologica
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Acta Psychologica. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Acta Psychologica, 168, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2016.04.003
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? time perceptionspace–time interactionmagnitudeinternal clockmemory interferenceexperimental and cognitive psychology ??
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Deposited On:
25 Apr 2016 15:02
Last Modified:
24 Nov 2023 00:21