Generalised quadratic curvature, non-local infrared modifications of gravity and Newtonian potentials

Conroy, Aindriu and Koivisto, Tomi and Mazumdar, Anupam and Teimouri, Ali (2014) Generalised quadratic curvature, non-local infrared modifications of gravity and Newtonian potentials. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 32 (1). ISSN 0264-9381

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Abstract

Metric theories of gravity are studied, beginning with a general action that is quadratic in curvature and allows infinite inverse powers of the d'Alembertian operator, resulting in infrared non-local extensions of general relativity. The field equations are derived in full generality and their consistency is checked by verifying the Bianchi identities. The weak-field limit is computed and a straightforward algorithm is presented to infer the post-Newtonian corrections directly from the action. We then apply this to various infrared gravity models including non-local $Rf(R/ \Box)$ cosmology and non-local dark energy and massive gravity models. Generically the Newtonian potentials are not identical and deviate from the $1/r$ behaviour at large distances. However, the former does not occur in a specific class of theories that does not introduce additional degrees of freedom in flat spacetime. A new nonlocal model within this class is proposed, defined by the exponential of the inverse d'Alembertian. This model exhibits novel features, such as weakening of the gravity in the infrared, suggesting de-gravitation of the cosmological constant.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Classical and Quantum Gravity
Additional Information:
20 pages, 2 figures. v2: some references and clarifications added
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100/3101
Subjects:
ID Code:
79190
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Apr 2016 13:42
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
03 Jun 2020 02:29