Local governance for climate mitigation: comparative study between China and Japan

Liu, Lingxuan and Matsuno, Shotaro and Zhang, Bing and Liu, Beibei and Young, Oran (2013) Local governance for climate mitigation: comparative study between China and Japan. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 31 (3). 475–489. ISSN 0263-774X

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With this paper we provide a comparative study of local climate mitigation from both China and Japan, in the context of pessimistic international regimes to achieve significant results on climate mitigation. We compare the political systems, institutional arrangements, and local actors in local climate mitigation through a policy cycle analysis. We find that climate initiatives in the two countries have inherited the political characteristics of traditional environmental management within a centralized administrative system; moreover, these initiatives also reflect the emergence of local governance. Owing to similar political cultures but differing roles of local governments, both countries are making progress with respect to the agenda-setting and policy formation stages, but are facing greater obstacles regarding implementation and evaluation. The monocentric local governance in China results in an easy but irrational planning process, while the powerless local agents in Japan cannot hardly promote bolder campaigns for energy industries. Current administrative systems created by decades of local environmental problem solving are no longer adaptive enough to facilitate the bottom-up emergence of local mitigating activities. Local governments and administration systems should be adaptive regarding capacity building and institutional innovation to improve local governance on climate mitigation

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Journal Article
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Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy
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14 Apr 2016 15:38
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 03:07