Heavy cannabis use and attentional avoidance of anxiety-related stimuli

Wilcockson, Thomas and Sanal, Nilihan (2016) Heavy cannabis use and attentional avoidance of anxiety-related stimuli. Addictive Behaviors Reports, 3. pp. 38-42. ISSN 2352-8532

[img]
Preview
PDF (Cannabis_MS_vABR_YPYW_v2.2)
Cannabis_MS_vABR_YPYW_v2.2.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs.

Download (135kB)

Abstract

Objectives Cannabis is now the most widely used illicit substance in the world. Previous research demonstrates that cannabis use is associated with dysfunctional affect regulation and anxiety. Anxiety is characterised by attentional biases in the presence of emotional information. This novel study therefore examined the attentional bias of cannabis users when presented with anxiety-related stimuli. The aim was to establish whether cannabis users respond to anxiety-related stimuli differently to control participants. Methods A dot-probe paradigm was utilised using 40 undergraduate students. Trials contained anxiety-related stimuli and neutral control stimuli. Eye-tracking was used to measure attention for the stimuli. Results Results indicated that cannabis users demonstrated attentional-avoidance behaviour when presented with anxiety-related stimuli. Conclusions The findings suggest a difference in processing of emotional information in relation to neutral information between groups. It would appear that cannabis users avoid anxiety provoking stimuli. Such behaviour could potentially have motivational properties that could lead to exacerbating anxiety disorder-type behaviour.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Addictive Behaviors Reports
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2738
Subjects:
ID Code:
78959
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
04 Apr 2016 09:18
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
28 Nov 2020 03:37