Ozone impacts on vegetation in a nitrogen enriched and changing climate

Mills, Gina and Harmens, Harry and Wagg, Serena and Sharps, Katrina and Hayes, Felicity and Fowler, David and Sutton, Mark and Davies, William John (2016) Ozone impacts on vegetation in a nitrogen enriched and changing climate. Environmental Pollution, 208 (Part B). pp. 898-908. ISSN 0269-7491

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Abstract

This paper provides a process-oriented perspective on the combined effects of ozone (O3), climate change and/or nitrogen (N) on vegetation. Whereas increasing CO2 in controlled environments or open-top chambers often ameliorates effects of O3 on leaf physiology, growth and C allocation, this is less likely in the field. Combined responses to elevated temperature and O3 have rarely been studied even though some critical growth stages such as seed initiation are sensitive to both. Under O3 exposure, many species have smaller roots, thereby enhancing drought sensitivity. Of the 68 species assessed for stomatal responses to ozone, 22.5% were unaffected, 33.5% had sluggish or increased opening and 44% stomatal closure. The beneficial effect of N on root development was lost at higher O3 treatments whilst the effects of increasing O3 on root biomass became more pronounced as N increased. Both responses to gradual changes in pollutants and climate and those under extreme weather events require further study.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Environmental Pollution
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3000/3005
Subjects:
ID Code:
78531
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
15 Aug 2016 12:34
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
28 Nov 2020 03:35