Joint cognition:thought contagion and the consequences of cooperation when sharing the task of random sequence generation

Towse, John Nicholas and Towse, Andrea Sarah and Saito, Satoru and Maehara, Yukio and Miyake, Akira (2016) Joint cognition:thought contagion and the consequences of cooperation when sharing the task of random sequence generation. PLoS ONE, 11 (3). ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

Generating random number sequences is a popular psychological task often used to measure executive functioning. We explore random generation under “joint cognition” instructions; pairs of participants take turns to compile a shared response sequence. Across three studies, we point to six key findings from this novel format. First, there are both costs and benefits from group performance. Second, repetition avoidance occurs in dyadic as well as individual production settings. Third, individuals modify their choices in a dyadic situation such that the pair becomes the unit of psychological function. Fourth, there is immediate contagion of sequence stereotypy amongst the pairs (i.e., each contributor “owns” their partner’s response). Fifth, dyad effects occur even when participants know their partner is not interacting with them (Experiment 2). Sixth, ironically, directing participants’ efforts away from their shared task responsibility can actually benefit conjoint performance (Experiment 3). These results both constrain models of random generation and illuminate processes of joint cognition.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
PLoS ONE
Additional Information:
Copyright: © 2016 Towse et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700
Subjects:
ID Code:
78435
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
08 Mar 2016 09:10
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
05 Dec 2020 03:17