Impact of blended treatment literacy and psychoeducation on methadone maintenance treatment outcomes in Yunnan, China

Zhang, Bo and Cai, Thomas and Yan, Zhihua and Mburu, Gitau and Wang, Bangyuan and Yang, Liping (2016) Impact of blended treatment literacy and psychoeducation on methadone maintenance treatment outcomes in Yunnan, China. Harm Reduction Journal, 13 (8). pp. 1-7. ISSN 1477-7517

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Abstract

Background: Outcomes of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in the management of opioid dependency can be impaired by poor adherence and retention, concomitant drug use, poor adjustment of methadone dosage, and low levels of awareness regarding methadone among drug users, among other factors. This study investigated the effects of intensive blended treatment literacy and psychoeducation on treatment compliance, methadone dose, and heroin use among MMT clients in China. Methods: A total of 492 MMT clients who tested positive for urine morphine at least once during a 12-week intervention period preceding the study were recruited from 16 MMT clinics. Employing a client-centred approach, a blended treatment literacy and psychoeducation intervention was then implemented between March and June 2014, comprising (1) intensified methadone treatment literacy sessions; (2) participatory goal setting; (3) continuous adherence monitoring and support; and (4) engagement of both peers and doctors in delivering psychoeducation. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare urine morphine positive rates, daily methadone dosage, and the number of days that clients successfully accessed methadone before and during the intervention. Results: During the intervention, urine morphine positive rates reduced to 27 % from 49.3 % previously; p < 0.001. In response to client needs, methadone dosages increased among 74 % of participants, remained unchanged among 12.0 %, and reduced among 13.4 % during the intervention. In addition, the average daily methadone dose increased from 63.0 to 72.6 mg; p < 0.001, while the average number of days that clients successfully accessed methadone increased from 69.4 to 73.9 over a period of 12 weeks; p < 0.001. Conclusions: Blended treatment literacy and psychoeducation delivered by a combination of peers and doctors was associated with reduced heroin use, improved treatment adherence, and higher methadone doses among our sample of MMT clients.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Harm Reduction Journal
Additional Information:
© 2016 Zhang et al. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2701
Subjects:
ID Code:
78427
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
06 Apr 2016 10:36
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
07 Apr 2020 03:42