Decision inertia:deciding between least worst outcomes in emergency responses to disasters

Alison, Laurence and Power, Nicola and van den Heuvel, Claudia and Humann, Michael and Palasinski, Marek and Crego, Jonathan (2015) Decision inertia:deciding between least worst outcomes in emergency responses to disasters. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 88 (2). pp. 295-321. ISSN 0963-1798

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Abstract

This study demonstrates how naturalistic decision-making (NDM) can be usefully applied to study ‘decision inertia’ – Namely the cognitive process associated with failures to execute action when a decision-maker struggles to choose between equally perceived aversive outcomes. Data assessed the response and recovery from a sudden impact disaster during a 2-day immersive simulated emergency response. Fourteen agencies (including police, fire, ambulance, and military) and 194 participants were involved in the exercise. By assessing the frequency, type, audience, and content of communications, and by reference to five subject matter experts’ slow time analyses of critical turning points during the incident, three barriers were identified as reducing multiagency information sharing and the macrocognitive understanding of the incident. When the decision problem was non-time-bounded, involved multiple agencies, and identification of superordinate goals was lacking, the communication between agencies decreased and agencies focused on within-agency information sharing. These barriers distracted teams from timely and efficient discussions on decisions and action execution with seeking redundant information, which resulted in decision inertia. Our study illustrates how naturalistic environments are conducive to examining relatively understudied concepts of decision inertia, failures to act, and shared situational macrocognition in situations involving large distributed teams.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3202
Subjects:
ID Code:
78377
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
25 Feb 2016 13:08
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
20 May 2020 04:20