Volcano-tectonic interactions as triggers of volcanic eruptions

Gabrieli, Andrea and Wilson, Lionel and Lane, Stephen John (2015) Volcano-tectonic interactions as triggers of volcanic eruptions. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 126 (6). pp. 675-682.

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Surface displacements and edifice deformations at active volcanoes can occur when magma reservoirs begin to inflate as new magma enters them. Volcanoes are also subjected to a variety of external lithospheric stresses that are thought to be responsible for triggering volcanic unrest or modifying ongoing activity. However, despite many observations, it is uncertain whether these phenomena can actually interfere with magma chamber dynamics since it is not clear why some volcanoes are more subjected to these interactions than others. In order to determine whether external stresses interfere with volcanic activity, a viscoelastic 3D Finite Element Mogi-based model of Kīlauea volcano's magma chamber was implemented. First, the model was used to replicate an inflation cycle without external stresses. Its results were then compared with the ones obtained if the same model was subjected to tidal stress modulation and a strong (Mw = 7.7) tectonic earthquake. The model showed that tidally-induced pressurization is not sufficiently large to modify the pressure in a 5 km deep volcanic magma chamber, but it suggested how the magma chamber pressure build-up rate can be influenced by tidal pressurization and thus why some volcanoes seem to experience tidal interferences more than others. Furthermore, the model's results suggested why magma chambers are about the same size as calderas both on the Earth and on other Solar System silicate planets. System. Finally, it was used to propose an explanation of why a short-lived eruption at Kīlauea volcano, Hawai’i, began 30 min after the 1975 magnitude 7.7 (Mw) Kalapana earthquake.

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Journal Article
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Proceedings of the Geologists' Association
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This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Proceedings of the Geologists' Association. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 126, 6, 2015 DOI: 10.1016/j.pgeola.2015.10.002
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29 Feb 2016 10:04
Last Modified:
20 Sep 2023 00:51