Reexamining the empirical relation between loan risk and collateral : the roles of collateral liquidity and types

Berger, Allen N. and Frame, W. Scott and Ioannidou, Vasso (2016) Reexamining the empirical relation between loan risk and collateral : the roles of collateral liquidity and types. Journal of Financial Intermediation, 26. pp. 28-46. ISSN 1042-9573

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This paper offers a possible explanation for the conflicting results in the literature concerning the empirical relation between collateral and loan risk. We posit that differences in collateral characteristics, such as liquidity, may be associated with the empirical dominance of different risk-collateral relations implied by economic theory. Using credit registry data and a novel identification strategy to control for borrower and lender selection effects allows us to differentiate between the ex ante and ex post theories of collateral. We find that collateral overall is associated with lower risk premiums and higher default rates. The results indicate an important role for collateral in mitigating losses and reducing risk-taking incentives, consistent with ex post theories. Liquid collateral is associated with especially low risk premiums, and these loans perform better than those with illiquid collateral or no collateral. We also find that individual collateral types exhibit significant variation in terms of risk-collateral relations, with some consistent with ex ante theories and others with ex post theories. Our results suggest that the conflicting results in the literature may occur because different samples may be dominated by different types of collateral with different economic characteristics.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Financial Intermediation
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Financial Internediation. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Financial Internediation, 26, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.jfi.2015.11.002
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? collateralasymmetric informationbanksfinanceeconomics and econometrics ??
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Deposited On:
21 Jan 2016 11:17
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 15:46