A new approach to materials discovery for electronic and thermoelectric properties of single-molecule junctions

Manrique, David and Al-Galiby, Qusiy and Hong, Wenjing and Lambert, Colin John (2016) A new approach to materials discovery for electronic and thermoelectric properties of single-molecule junctions. Nano Letters, 16 (2). pp. 1308-1316. ISSN 1530-6984

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Abstract

We have investigated a large set of symmetric and asymmetric molecules to demonstrate a general rule for molecular-scale quantum transport, which provides a new route to materials design and discovery. The rule states “the conductance GXBY of an asymmetric molecule is the geometric mean of the conductance of the two symmetric molecules derived from it and the thermopower SXBY of the asymmetric molecule is the algebraic mean of their thermopowers”. The studied molecules have a structure X-B-Y, where B is the backbone of the molecule, while X and Y are anchor groups, which bind the molecule to metallic electrodes. When applied to experimentally-measured histograms of conductance and thermopower, the rules apply to the statistically-most-probable values. We investigated molecules with anchors chosen from the following family: cyano, pyridl, dihydrobenzothiol, amine and thiol. For the backbones B, we tested fourteen different structures. We found that the formulae (GXBY)2 = GXBX*GYBY and SXBY=(SXBX+SYBY)/2 were satisfied in the large majority of the cases, provided the Fermi energy is located within the HOMO-LUMO gap of the molecules. The circuit rules imply that if measurements are performed on molecules with nA different anchors and nB different backbones, then properties of nA(nA+1)nB/2 molecules can be predicted. So for example, in the case of 20 backbones and 10 anchors, 30 measurements (or reliable calculations) can provide a near quantitative estimate for 1070 measurements of other molecules, no extra cost.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Nano Letters
Additional Information: This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Nano Letters, copyright © 2016 American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b04715
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100/3104
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Physics
ID Code: 77850
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 21 Jan 2016 11:10
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2019 08:16
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/77850

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