Nanoscale surface roughness effects on THz vacuum electron device performance

Gamzina, Diana and Himes, Logan and Barchfeld, Robert and Popovic, Branko and Pan, Pan and Letizia, Rosa and Mineo, Mauro and Feng, Jinjun and Paoloni, Claudio and Luhmann Jr., Neville C. (2016) Nanoscale surface roughness effects on THz vacuum electron device performance. IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, 15 (1). pp. 85-93. ISSN 1536-125X

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Vacuum electron devices are the most promising solution for the generation of watt-level power at millimeter wave and terahertz frequencies. However, the three dimensional nature of metal structures required to provide an effective interaction between an electron beam and THz signal poses significant fabrication challenges. At increasing frequency, losses present a serious detrimental effect on performance. In particular, the skin depth, on the order of one hundred nanometers or less, constrains the maximum acceptable surface roughness of the metal surfaces to be below those values. Microfabrication techniques have proven, in principle, to achieve values of surface roughness at the nanometer scale; however, the use of different metals and affordable microfabrication techniques requires further investigation for a repeatable quality of the metal surfaces. This paper compares, for the first time, the nanoscale surface roughness of metal THz waveguides realized by the main microfabrication techniques. In particular, two significant examples are considered: a 0.346 THz backward wave tube oscillator and a 0.263 THz traveling wave tube.

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Journal Article
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IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology
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07 Mar 2016 09:34
Last Modified:
12 Jun 2024 00:19