Patenting rationales of academic entrepreneurs in weak and strong organizational regimes

Walter, Sascha Gabriel and Schmidt, Arne and Walter, Achim (2016) Patenting rationales of academic entrepreneurs in weak and strong organizational regimes. Research Policy, 45 (2). pp. 533-545. ISSN 0048-7333

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Abstract

This study explores why academic entrepreneurs seek patents for spin-off technology in weak organizational regimes (the employee owns her inventions) and strong organizational regimes (the employer, i.e. the university or research organization, owns these inventions). Specifically, we examine organizational and founding team characteristics as alternative explanations. Matched data of academic spin-offs from both contexts combined with patent data show that founding team characteristics (expert knowledge and entrepreneurial orientation) matter in weak, but not strong regimes. In contrast, organizational patenting norms are the key driver of patenting in strong, but not weak regimes. We discuss the implications of our results for the current literature and technology transfer policies.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Research Policy
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Research Policy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Research Policy, 45, 2, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2015.11.008
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1400/1405
Subjects:
ID Code:
76832
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
17 Dec 2015 09:34
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
05 Dec 2020 03:05