Attentional bias modification in tobacco smokers

Field, Matt and Duka, Theodora and Tyler, Elizabeth and Schoenmakers, Tim (2009) Attentional bias modification in tobacco smokers. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 11 (7). pp. 812-822. ISSN 1462-2203

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Abstract

Introduction: We examined whether an attentional bias modification (ABM) procedure would produce a persistent and generalizable change in attentional bias, and influence subjective craving and tobacco-seeking behavior, among tobacco smokers. Methods: Seventy-two cigarette smokers were randomly allocated to groups before completing a modified visual probe task in which their attentional bias for smoking-related cues was increased (“attend smoking” group), reduced (“avoid smoking” group), or not manipulated (control group). Results: The ABM produced the predicted changes in attentional bias, although these effects were short lasting, and there was no evidence of generalization either to novel smoking-related stimuli or to performance on a different measure of attentional bias (the pictorial Stroop task). ABM had no effects on subjective craving or behavioral measures of tobacco seeking. Discussion: These results add to a growing body of literature that suggests that a single session of ABM does not produce generalizable effects, and effects on craving and drug seeking are inconsistent across studies. Theoretical implications and directions for future research are discussed.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2739
Subjects:
ID Code:
76732
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
19 Nov 2015 11:14
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
16 Sep 2020 02:38