Health services, suicide, and self-harm:patient distress and system anxiety organisations and anxiety

Smith, Michael J. and Bouch, Joe and Bradstreet, Simon and Lakey, Trevor and Nightingale, Anne and O 'Connor, Rory C. (2015) Health services, suicide, and self-harm:patient distress and system anxiety organisations and anxiety. Lancet Psychiatry, 2 (3). pp. 275-280. ISSN 2215-0366

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Abstract

Patients often become distressed in health settings, and provision of emotional support is a routine part of clinical care. However, in some situations, patient distress can become disturbing to both clinicians and patients, and can challenge [A: interfere with or affect?] ordinary therapeutic engagement. We argue that health systems that support people presenting with suicidal acts and self-harm are particularly at risk of providing maladaptive responses, which we have termed dysregulation. If health systems become dysregulated, staff and patients might find it difficult to think clearly and respond adaptively. We describe some common characteristics of dysregulation, including negative feelings about patients, an inappropriately narrow focus on diagnosis and risk assessment, and ad-hoc, abrupt, and inconsistent decision making. These dysregulated responses might impair more adaptive responses such as containment of distress, safety planning, and negotiated responsibility with patients and carers. We discuss the main drivers of dysregulation and the implications for clinical practice in the management of self-harm and suicide risk.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Lancet Psychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800/2803
Subjects:
ID Code:
76690
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
16 Nov 2015 13:38
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Dec 2020 03:02