Affective norms of 875 Spanish words for five discrete emotional categories and two emotional dimensions

Hinojosa, Jose Antonio and Martinez Garcia, Natalia and Villalba Garcia, Cristina and Fernandez Folgueiras, Uxia and Sanchez Carmona, Alberto and Pozo, Miguel Angel and Montoro, Pedro (2016) Affective norms of 875 Spanish words for five discrete emotional categories and two emotional dimensions. Behavior Research Methods, 48 (1). pp. 272-284. ISSN 1554-351X

Full text not available from this repository.


In the present study, we introduce affective norms for a new set of Spanish words, the Madrid Affective Database for Spanish (MADS), that were scored on two emotional dimensions (valence and arousal) and on five discrete emotional categories (happiness, anger, sadness, fear, and disgust), as well as on concreteness, by 660 Spanish native speakers. Measures of several objective psycholinguistic variables—grammatical class, word frequency, number of letters, and number of syllables—for the words are also included. We observed high split-half reliabilities for every emotional variable and a strong quadratic relationship between valence and arousal. Additional analyses revealed several associations between the affective dimensions and discrete emotions, as well as with some psycholinguistic variables. This new corpus complements and extends prior databases in Spanish and allows for designing new experiments investigating the influence of affective content in language processing under both dimensional and discrete theoretical conceptions of emotion. These norms can be downloaded as supplemental materials for this article from www.​dropbox.​com/​s/​o6dpw3irk6utfhy/​Hinojosa%20​et%20​al_​Supplementary%20​materials.​xlsx?​dl=​0.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Behavior Research Methods
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
26 Oct 2015 13:24
Last Modified:
18 Sep 2023 00:56