Quaternary climatic instability in south-east Australia from a multi-proxy speleothem record

Webb, Megan and Dredge, J. and Barker, Philip and Mueller, W. and Jex, C. and Desmarchelier, J. and Hellstrom, J. and Wynn, Peter (2014) Quaternary climatic instability in south-east Australia from a multi-proxy speleothem record. Journal of Quaternary Science, 29 (6). pp. 589-596. ISSN 0267-8179

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Abstract

Milankovitch-scale Quaternary climatic oscillations within south-east Australia are known to be characterized by relatively arid glacial and wet interglacial stages. However, terrestrial proxy records of environmental change are scarce, based largely on river terraces, dune sediments and pollen sequences. Here we present a speleothem-based palaeoclimate record from Yarrangobilly caves, south-east Australia. The oxygen isotopic composition of calcite (δ18Ocalcite) is taken to represent rainfall amount and used as an aridity index. High-resolution trace element profiles and UV fluorescence support interpretations based on δ18Ocalcite, allowing further designation of key phases of speleothem growth into periods of relative aridity and moisture excess. A hiatus of approximately 37 ka duration divides the record into two key phases of growth which can be mapped onto marine isotope stages 5c–a and 3, respectively. Increasing aridity in the latter half of MIS 5 led to cessation of speleothem growth for the duration of MIS 4. Growth recommences during MIS 3, associated with greater moisture availability, enhanced vegetation and augmented biogeochemical cycling. This speleothem record provides a unique context of terrestrial environmental change and depicts hydrological conditions which fluctuate markedly over the 70-ka period covering the time of megafauna extinction and human arrival on the continent.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Quaternary Science
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1901
Subjects:
ID Code:
76121
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Oct 2015 05:05
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Jan 2020 09:26