High-pressure adsorptive storage in hydrogen in MIL-101 (Cr) and AX-21 for mobile applications : cryocharging and cryokinetics

Bimbo, Nuno and Xu, Wesley and Sharpe, Jessica E. and Ting, Valeska P. and Mays, Timothy J. (2016) High-pressure adsorptive storage in hydrogen in MIL-101 (Cr) and AX-21 for mobile applications : cryocharging and cryokinetics. Materials and Design, 89. pp. 1086-1094. ISSN 0261-3069

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Current state-of-the-art methods consist of containing highpressure compressed hydrogen in composite cylinders, with solid-state hydrogen storage materials an alternative that could improve on storage performance by enhancing volumetric densities. A new strategy that uses cryogenic temperatures to load hydrogen (cryocharging) is proposed and analysed in this work, comparing densities and final storage pressures for empty cylinders and containers with the high-surface area materials MIL-101 (Cr) and AX-21. Results show cryocharging as a viable option, as it can substantially lower the charging (at 77 K) and final pressures (at 298 K) for the majority of the cases considered. Kinetics are an equally important requirement for hydrogen storage systems, so the effective diffusivities at these conditions for both materials were calculated, and showed values comparable to the ones estimated in metal-organic frameworks and zeolites from quasielastic neutron scattering and molecular simulations. High-surface area materials tailored for hydrogen storage are a promising route for storage in mobile applications and results show that cryocharging is a promising strategy for hydrogen storage systems, since it increases volumetric densities and avoids energy penalties of operating at high pressures and/or low temperatures.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Materials and Design
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Materials and Design. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Materials and Design, 89, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2015.10.069
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? hydrogen storageporous materialsadsorption of hydrogenadsorption kineticsmechanics of materialsmaterials science(all)mechanical engineering ??
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Deposited On:
21 Oct 2015 05:05
Last Modified:
24 May 2024 01:49