Formation of high levels of acrylamide during the processing of flour derived from sulfate-deprived wheat

Muttucumaru, Nira and Halford, Nigel G. and Elmore, J. Stephen and Dodson, Andrew T. and Parry, Martin and Shewry, Peter R. and Mottram, Donald S. (2006) Formation of high levels of acrylamide during the processing of flour derived from sulfate-deprived wheat. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 54 (23). pp. 8951-8955. ISSN 0021-8561

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Abstract

When wheat was grown under conditions of severe sulfate depletion, dramatic increases in the concentration of free asparagine were found in the grain of up to 30 times as compared to samples receiving the normal levels of sulfate fertilizer. The effect was observed both in plants grown in pots, where the levels of nutrients were carefully controlled, and in plants grown in field trials on soil with poor levels of natural nutrients where sulfate fertilizer was applied at levels from 0 to 40 kg sulfur/Ha. Many of the other free amino acids were present at higher levels in the sulfate-deprived wheat, but the levels of free glutamine showed increases similar to those observed for asparagine. In baked cereal products, asparagine is the precursor of the suspect carcinogen acrylamide, and when flours from the sulfate-deprived wheat were heated at 160°C for 20 min, levels of acrylamide between 2600 and 5200 μg/kg were found as compared to 600-900 μg/kg in wheat grown with normal levels of sulfate fertilization.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1600
Subjects:
ID Code:
76008
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Oct 2015 05:03
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Jul 2020 02:22