Raising yield potential of wheat II:increasing photosynthetic capacity and efficiency

Parry, Martin A. J. and Reynolds, Matthew and Salvucci, Michael E. and Raines, Christine and Andralojc, P. John and Zhu, Xin Guang and Price, G. Dean and Condon, Anthony G. and Furbank, Robert T. (2011) Raising yield potential of wheat II:increasing photosynthetic capacity and efficiency. Journal of Experimental Botany, 62 (2). pp. 453-467. ISSN 0022-0957

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Abstract

Past increases in yield potential of wheat have largely resulted from improvements in harvest index rather than increased biomass. Further large increases in harvest index are unlikely, but an opportunity exists for increasing productive biomass and harvestable grain. Photosynthetic capacity and efficiency are bottlenecks to raising productivity and there is strong evidence that increasing photosynthesis will increase crop yields provided that other constraints do not become limiting. Even small increases in the rate of net photosynthesis can translate into large increases in biomass and hence yield, since carbon assimilation is integrated over the entire growing season and crop canopy. This review discusses the strategies to increase photosynthesis that are being proposed by the wheat yield consortium in order to increase wheat yields. These include: selection for photosynthetic capacity and efficiency, increasing ear photosynthesis, optimizing canopy photosynthesis, introducing chloroplast CO2 pumps, increasing RuBP regeneration, improving the thermal stability of Rubisco activase, and replacing wheat Rubisco with that from other species with different kinetic properties.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Experimental Botany
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1314
Subjects:
ID Code:
75982
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Oct 2015 05:03
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
20 Nov 2020 03:14