Gender disparities in health and healthcare:results from the Portuguese National Health Interview Survey

Perelman, Julian and Fernandes, Ana and Mateus, Ceu (2012) Gender disparities in health and healthcare:results from the Portuguese National Health Interview Survey. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 28 (12). pp. 2339-2348. ISSN 1678-4464

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Abstract

Although women experience poorer health conditions during their lives, they live longer than men. The main explanations for this paradox suggest that women's excess of ill-health is limited to minor illnesses and their different attitudes toward health. The authors test these assumptions by investigating disparities between men and women in health and healthcare in Portugal. Data are used from the Portuguese National Health Interview Survey 2005/2006 (N = 33,662). Multivariate regressions showed that women were more likely to report worse self-rated health, more days with disability, higher prevalence of hypertension, chronic pain, cancer, anxiety and depression, and more medical consultations. Heart disease was significantly more prevalent among men, possibly explaining part of the paradox. Women's more frequent use of medical consultations may reflect their heightened awareness of health problems, which may protect them against early death. Gender differences in socioeconomic status explain part of the differences in health, but fail to provide a complete understanding.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Subjects:
ID Code:
75887
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Oct 2015 05:01
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Apr 2020 04:11