Direct evidence for solid-like hydrogen in a nanoporous carbon hydrogen storage material at supercritical temperatures

Ting, Valeska P. and Ramirez-Cuesta, Anibal J. and Bimbo, Nuno and Sharpe, Jessica E. and Noguera-Diaz, Antonio and Presser, Volker and Rudic, Svemir and Mays, Timothy J. (2015) Direct evidence for solid-like hydrogen in a nanoporous carbon hydrogen storage material at supercritical temperatures. ACS Nano, 9 (8). pp. 8249-8254. ISSN 1936-0851

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Abstract

Here we report direct physical evidence that confinement of molecular hydrogen (H-2) in an optimized nanoporous carbon results in accumulation of hydrogen with characteristics commensurate with solid H2 at temperatures up to 67 K above the liquid vapor critical temperature of bulk H2. This extreme densification is attributed to confinement of 112 molecules in the optimally sized micropores, and occurs at pressures as low as 0.02 MPa. The quantities of contained, solid-like H2 increased with pressure and were directly evaluated using in situ inelastic neutron scattering and confirmed by analysis of gas sorption isotherms. The demonstration of the existence of solid-like H2 challenges the existing assumption that supercritical hydrogen confined in nanopores has an upper limit of liquid H2 density. Thus, this insight offers opportunities for the development of more accurate models for the evaluation and design of nanoporous materials for high capacity adsorptive hydrogen storage.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
ACS Nano
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2200
Subjects:
ID Code:
75837
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Oct 2015 05:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Oct 2020 03:04