Using the UK general offender database as a means to measure and analyse organised crime

Kirby, Stuart and Francis, Brian and Humphreys, Leslie and Soothill, Keith Leonard (2016) Using the UK general offender database as a means to measure and analyse organised crime. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, 39 (1). pp. 78-94. ISSN 1363-951X

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Abstract

Organised Crime is notoriously difficult to identify and measure, resulting in limited empirical evidence to inform policy makers and practitioners. This study explores the feasibility of identifying a greater number of organized crime offenders, currently captured but invisible, within existing national general crime databases. All 2.1million recorded offenders, captured over a four year period on the UK Police National Computer (PNC), were filtered across three criteria associated with organized crime (co-offending, commission of specific offences, three years imprisonment or more). The 4109 ‘organized crime’ offenders, identified by the process, were compared with ‘general’ and ‘serious’ offender control groups across a variety of personal and demographic variables. Organized crime prosecutions are not random but concentrate in specific geographic areas and constitute 0.2% of the offender population. Offenders can be differentiated from general crime offenders on such measures as: diversity of nationality and ethnicity, onset age, offence type and criminal recidivism. Using an offence based methodology, rather than relying on offenders identified through police proactive investigations, can provide empirical information from existing data sets, across a diverse range of legislative areas and cultures. This allows academics to enhance their analysis of organized crime, generating richer evidence on which policy makers and practitioners can more effectively deliver preventative and disruptive tactics.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management
Additional Information:
This article is (c) Emerald Group Publishing and permission has been granted for this version to appear here. Emerald does not grant permission for this article to be further copied/distributed or hosted elsewhere without the express permission from Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3308
Subjects:
ID Code:
75807
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
09 Feb 2016 15:08
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
07 Jul 2020 04:04