Ionospheric imaging in Africa

Chartier, Alex T. and Kinrade, Joe and Mitchell, Cathryn N. and Rose, Julian A. R. and Jackson, David R. and Cilliers, Pierre and Habarulema, John-Bosco and Katamzi, Zama and Mckinnell, Lee-Anne and Matamba, Tshimangadzo and Opperman, Ben and Ssessanga, Nicholas and Giday, Nigussie Mezgebe and Tyalimpi, Vumile and De Franceschi, Giorgiana and Romano, Vincenzo and Scotto, Carlo and Notarpietro, Riccardo and Dovis, Fabio and Avenant, Eugene and Wonnacott, Richard and Oyeyemi, Elijah and Mahrous, Ayman and Tsidu, Gizaw Mengistu and Lekamisy, Harvey and Olwendo, Joseph Ouko and Sibanda, Patrick and Gogie, Tsegaye Kassa and Rabiu, Babatunde and De Jong, Kees and Adewale, Adekola (2014) Ionospheric imaging in Africa. Radio Science, 49 (1). pp. 19-27. ISSN 0048-6604

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Accurate ionospheric specification is necessary for improving human activities such as radar detection, navigation, and Earth observation. This is of particular importance in Africa, where strong plasma density gradients exist due to the equatorial ionization anomaly. In this paper the accuracy of three-dimensional ionospheric images is assessed over a 2 week test period (2-16 December 2012). These images are produced using differential Global Positioning System (GPS) slant total electron content observations and a time-dependent tomography algorithm. The test period is selected to coincide with a period of increased GPS data availability from the African Geodetic Reference Frame (AFREF) project. A simulation approach that includes the addition of realistic errors is employed in order to provide a ground truth. Results show that the inclusion of observations from the AFREF archive significantly reduces ionospheric specification errors across the African sector, especially in regions that are poorly served by the permanent network of GPS receivers. The permanent network could be improved by adding extra sites and by reducing the number of service outages that affect the existing sites. Key Points Ionospheric image quality in Africa is assessed Simulated and real data are both used An extended receiver network greatly improves accuracy

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Journal Article
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Radio Science
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©2013. The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. 0048-6604/14/10.1002/2013RS005238
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21 Oct 2015 04:59
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19 Sep 2023 01:26