Grades across universities over time

Johnes, Geraint and Soo, Kwok Tong (2017) Grades across universities over time. Manchester School, 85 (1). pp. 106-131. ISSN 1463-6786

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This paper examines the determinants of degree outcomes in a sample of UK universities from 2004 to 2012. We use stochastic frontier methods to account for differences in efficiency across universities and over time. The quality of the student intake and the university’s research performance are the main determinants of degree outcomes. There is no evidence of grade inflation. Decomposing the determinants of degree outcomes, we find that good entry grades yield a higher return in traditional universities than in new universities. Although high quality universities award more good degrees, we find little evidence that universities of different quality differ in their propensity to inflate grades over time.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Manchester School
Additional Information:
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Johnes, G. and Soo, K. T. (2017), Grades across Universities over Time. The Manchester School, 85: 106–131. doi:10.1111/manc.12138 which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? degree outcomesuk universitiesstochastic frontier analysisblinder-oaxaca decompositioneconomics, econometrics and finance(all)economics and econometricsi21, i23discipline-based research ??
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Deposited On:
09 Sep 2015 06:31
Last Modified:
18 Dec 2023 01:30