Zooplankton interactions in an enclosure experiment:insights from stable isotope analyses

Feuchtmayr, H. and Zöllner, E. and Santer, Barbara and Sommer, U. and Grey, Jonathan (2004) Zooplankton interactions in an enclosure experiment:insights from stable isotope analyses. Freshwater Biology, 49 (11). pp. 1495-1504. ISSN 0046-5070

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Abstract

1. Density gradients of cladocerans and copepods were generated in an enclosure experiment to compare the impact on the plankton of a filter feeder (Daphnia hyalina × galeata) with that of more selective feeders (calanoid and cyclopoid copepods). The experiment was conducted in situ over 25 days during spring in a mesotrophic lake, Schöhsee, Germany. 2. The plankton community was monitored regularly. Daphniids were able to graze on the phytoplankton present, which mainly consisted of small (<1000 μm3) species, whereas copepods did not show any impact on algae. 3. At the end of the experiment, Daphnia and remaining cyclopoid copepods were harvested and sorted manually, prior to analyses for stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen. Daphniids from mesocosms stocked purely with differing densities of Daphnia showed little variability in stable isotope values, whereas those that thrived in enclosure bags together with copepods exhibited lower δ13C values. 4. The change in Daphniaδ13C indicates a change of food sources, modified by the presence of the copepods: the higher the mean abundance of copepods in the enclosures, the more 13C-depleted the daphniids. Increasing abundance of high nucleic acid (HNA) bacteria in the copepod bags may account for the trend in Daphniaδ13C via increased grazing on the bacteria themselves, or via grazing on phytoplankton utilising isotopically light CO2 from respiratory release. 5. Cyclopoid copepod stable isotope signatures were related to Daphnia and copepod abundances in copepod bags, suggesting that cyclopoids preyed on the available zooplankton.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Freshwater Biology
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1104
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 74822
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 31 Jul 2015 08:20
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 01 Jan 2020 09:18
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/74822

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