Over 2000 years in review : revival of the Archimedes screw from pump to turbine

Waters, Shaun and Aggidis, George (2015) Over 2000 years in review : revival of the Archimedes screw from pump to turbine. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 51. pp. 497-505. ISSN 1364-0321

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The Archimedes pump is one of the oldest feats of engineering still being used today. In recent times, it has seen a major revival in modern engineering, by reversing it for use as a turbine. This is now an established turbine, being used in Europe since 1994. It has been found this new turbine device has a plethora of advantages over current existing devices, with the simplicity and robustness that has kept the pump in use for centuries acting in its favour. Most existing design theory is for use as pump; however there are many key differences between operation as a pump or turbine, such as the direction the water flows through the device. With further research for turbine operation alone required. The Archimedes Screw turbine currently has a variety of operational modes: inclined, horizontal or submerged. These new devices have the possibility to unlock a wide range of applications. The submerged tidal stream device can operate in low flow velocities (1m/s)that current devices are unable to. The inclined and horizontal turbines offer greatly reduced environmental effects and can be used in areas previously passed over because of delicate habitats. However, there are still more potential uses, for example in tidal range or tidal fence situations, although research for use in these methods are currently only in the initial stages with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations and scale modelling required to prove the validity.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Additional Information:
Date of Acceptance: 07/06/2015 This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 51, 2015 DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.06.028
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? archimedes screwoptimisationpumprenewable energytidal powerturbinerenewable energy, sustainability and the environment ??
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Deposited On:
09 Jul 2015 15:40
Last Modified:
05 Apr 2024 23:41