The automatic nature of habitual goal-state activation in substance use:implications from a dyslexic population

Wilcockson, Thomas and Pothos, Emmanuel (2016) The automatic nature of habitual goal-state activation in substance use:implications from a dyslexic population. Journal of Substance Use, 21 (3). pp. 244-248. ISSN 1465-9891

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Abstract

Habitual goal-state activation may automatically elicit effects upon cognition, motivation and emotion, through influence upon processes operating outside of awareness. For example, alcohol craving may be triggered by environmental cues. This experiment considered whether priming habitual goal-states would have similar effects for adult dyslexics and non-dyslexic controls. Dyslexia may be associated with automatization deficits, which may affect habitual goal-state response. Dyslexics were compared to non-dyslexics on their reported alcohol cravings, following priming of one of two habitual goal-state conditions; studying or socializing. Within some of the exploratory analyses, a difference between dyslexics and non-dyslexics was demonstrated. However, the difference was not in the anticipated direction, as it was the dyslexics who were more affected by the primes. This suggests that dyslexics may be affected by primes differently to non-dyslexics. This research potentially helps understand the role that habitual goal-states play within substance use.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Substance Use
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2701
Subjects:
ID Code:
74471
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
01 Jul 2015 11:50
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Jan 2020 09:16