In infancy the timing of emergence of the other-race effect is dependent on face gender

Tham, Diana Su Yun and Bremner, J. Gavin and Hay, Dennis (2015) In infancy the timing of emergence of the other-race effect is dependent on face gender. Infant Behavior and Development, 40. pp. 131-138. ISSN 0163-6383

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Poorer recognition of other-race faces relative to own-race faces is well documented from late infancy to adulthood. Research has revealed an increase in the other race effect (ORE) during the first year of life, but there is some disagreement regarding the age at which it emerges. Using cropped faces to eliminate discrimination based on external features, visual paired comparison and spontaneous visual preference measures were used to investigate the relationship between ORE and face gender at 3-4 and 8-9 months. Caucasian-White 3- to 4-month-olds' discrimination of Chinese, Malay, and Caucasian-White faces showed an own-race advantage for female faces alone whereas at 8-9 months the own-race advantage was general across gender. This developmental effect is accompanied by a preference for female over male faces at 4 months and no gender preference at 9 months. The pattern of recognition advantage and preference suggests that there is a shift from a female-based own-race recognition advantage to a general own-race recognition advantage, in keeping with a visual and social experience-based account of ORE.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Infant Behavior and Development
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Infant Behavior and Development. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Infant Behavior and Development, 40, 2015 DOI: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2015.05.006
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? developmental and educational psychology ??
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Deposited On:
19 Jun 2015 11:56
Last Modified:
20 Jul 2024 00:23