Inferential revision in narrative texts : an ERP study

Perez, Ana and Cain, Kate and Castellanos, Maria and Bajo, Teresa (2015) Inferential revision in narrative texts : an ERP study. Memory and Cognition, 43 (8). pp. 1105-1135. ISSN 0090-502X

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We evaluated the process of inferential revision during text comprehension in adults. Participants with high or low working memory read short texts, in which the introduction supported two plausible concepts (e.g., ‘guitar/violin’), although one was more probable (‘guitar’). There were three possible continuations: a neutral sentence, which did not refer back to either concept; a no revise sentence, which referred to a general property consistent with either concept (e.g., ‘…beautiful curved body’); and a revise sentence, which referred to a property that was consistent with only the less likely concept (e.g., ‘…matching bow’). Readers took longer to read the sentence in the revise condition, indicating that they were able to evaluate their comprehension and detect a mismatch. In a final sentence, a target noun referred to the alternative concept supported in the revise condition (e.g., ‘violin’). ERPs indicated that both working memory groups were able to evaluate their comprehension of the text (P3a), but only high working memory readers were able to revise their initial incorrect interpretation (P3b) and integrate the new information (N400) when reading the revise sentence. Low working memory readers had difficulties inhibiting the no longer relevant interpretation and thus failed to revise their situation model, and they experienced problems integrating semantically related information into an accurate memory representation.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Memory and Cognition
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Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? revising informationinference makingworking memoryneuropsychology and physiological psychologyexperimental and cognitive psychology ??
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Deposited On:
18 Jun 2015 05:57
Last Modified:
08 Jan 2024 00:13