Multivariate multilevel spline models for parallel growth processes:application to weight and mean arterial pressure in pregnancy

Macdonald-Wallis, Corrie and Lawlor, Debbie A. and Palmer, Tom and Tilling, Kate (2012) Multivariate multilevel spline models for parallel growth processes:application to weight and mean arterial pressure in pregnancy. Statistics in Medicine, 31 (26). pp. 3147-3164. ISSN 0277-6715

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Abstract

Growth models are commonly used in life course epidemiology to describe growth trajectories and their determinants or to relate particular patterns of change to later health outcomes. However, methods to analyse relationships between two or more change processes occurring in parallel, in particular to assess evidence for causal influences of change in one variable on subsequent changes in another, are less developed. We discuss linear spline multilevel models with a multivariate response and show how these can be used to relate rates of change in a particular time period in one variable to later rates of change in another variable by using the variances and covariances of individual-level random effects for each of the splines. We describe how regression coefficients can be calculated for these associations and how these can be adjusted for other parameters such as random effect variables relating to baseline values or rates of change in earlier time periods, and compare different methods for calculating the standard errors of these regression coefficients. We also show that these models can equivalently be fitted in the structural equation modelling framework and apply each method to weight and mean arterial pressure changes during pregnancy, obtaining similar results for multilevel and structural equation models. This method improves on the multivariate linear growth models, which have been used previously to model parallel processes because it enables nonlinear patterns of change to be modelled and the temporal sequence of multivariate changes to be determined, with adjustment for change in earlier time periods.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Statistics in Medicine
Additional Information:
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2600/2613
Subjects:
ID Code:
73940
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
18 Jun 2015 05:57
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
26 Aug 2020 01:48