Lessons from conducting trans-national Internet-mediated participatory research with hidden populations of cannabis cultivators

Barratt, Monica and Potter, Gary and Wouters, Marije and Wilkins, Chris and Werse, Bernd and Perälä, Jussi and Pedersen, Michael and Nguyen, Holly and Malm, Aili and Lenton, Simon and Korf, Dirk and Klein, Axel and Heyde, Julie and Hakkarainen, Pekka and Frank, Vibeke Asmussen and Decorte, Tom and Blok, Thomas (2015) Lessons from conducting trans-national Internet-mediated participatory research with hidden populations of cannabis cultivators. International Journal of Drug Policy, 26 (3). pp. 238-249. ISSN 0955-3959

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Background Internet-mediated research methods are increasingly used to access hidden populations. The International Cannabis Cultivation Questionnaire (ICCQ) is an online survey designed to facilitate international comparisons into the relatively under-researched but increasingly significant phenomenon of domestic cannabis cultivation. The Global Cannabis Cultivation Research Consortium has used the ICCQ to survey over 6000 cannabis cultivators across 11 countries. In this paper, we describe and reflect upon our methodological approach, focusing on the digital and traditional recruitment methods used to access this hidden population and the challenges of working across multiple countries, cultures and languages. Methods Descriptive statistics showing eligibility and completion rates and recruitment source by country of residence. Results Over three quarters of eligible respondents who were presented with the survey were included in the final sample of n = 6528. English-speaking countries expended more effort to recruit participants than non-English-speaking countries. The most effective recruitment modes were cannabis websites/groups (33%), Facebook (14%) and news articles (11%). While respondents recruited through news articles were older, growing practice variables were strikingly similar between these main recruitment modes. Conclusion Through this process, we learnt that there are trade-offs between hosting multiple surveys in each country vs. using one integrated database. We also found that although perceived anonymity is routinely assumed to be a benefit of using digital research methodologies, there are significant limits to research participant anonymity in the current era of mass digital surveillance, especially when the target group is particularly concerned about evading law enforcement. Finally, we list a number of specific recommendations for future researchers utilising Internet-mediated approaches to researching hidden populations.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Drug Policy
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2701
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Law School
ID Code: 73710
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 18 Jun 2015 05:42
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2020 08:20
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/73710

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item